Law is the process of governing society. Its features include the rule of law, the positive law, the procedures of law, and the courts. Among these features, generality is an important one. Without general rules, law cannot work. Therefore, general rules must be open and impartial to enable the law to function.
Rule of law
Rule of law is a concept that describes the influence of law on societal behavior. It is the principle that all members of a society are subject to publicly disclosed legal processes and codes. This principle implies that every citizen is subject to the law, in contrast to the idea that rulers are above the law.
Positive law is a system of rules that governments create. These rules impose obligations or specify rights. They have the force of law and are binding. They are enacted by legislatures or by public administration.
Procedures of law
The procedures of law refer to a process followed by a court in a legal dispute. This process differs from criminal proceedings. A “process” can refer to a legal document served on the other party or to a process server. The process is often more important to the parties involved in a dispute than the outcome. It is a concept that has received significant research and study over the years.
Courts of law are the legal tribunals in a country that have jurisdiction to hear cases. These courts hear different kinds of cases. Some of these cases are civil, while others are criminal. In every court, there is a judge and a jury. The judge appoints the jury, and the jury decides whether or not to convict the defendant.
Statutes are part of the legal code and contain the legal provisions governing the conduct of the government. Citation methods for statutes can include full-text keyword searches and annotated code. Most major online subscription services include annotated code, as well as a Table of Contents feature that allows you to scan for related sections of a statute. Some of these services also provide annotations for non-statutory materials.
Administrative agencies under law are government entities that have power to make rules and regulations. They are part of the executive branch of the government and must be confirmed by the Senate. These agencies often make rules and regulations that build upon federal statutes and also have the power to assess civil and criminal penalties. In this way, these agencies often function as all three branches of government in one.